Advancing Digital Tools In Heritage Documentation: A Comparative Analysis Of 3D Scanning, Photogrammetry, And GIS For Architectural Conservation.

Main Article Content

Amit Chatterjee


This research paper delves into the realm of heritage documentation and its evolution through the integration of advanced digital tools. Focusing on architectural conservation, the study conducts a comprehensive comparative analysis of three prominent techniques: 3D scanning, photogrammetry, and Geographic Information Systems (GIS).

Heritage preservation has historically relied on manual methods that often lacked precision and completeness. However, the advent of digital technologies has revolutionized this field, offering novel ways to capture, document, and analyze architectural artifacts. The objective of this research is to critically assess the effectiveness, applicability, and limitations of 3D scanning, photogrammetry, and GIS in the context of architectural conservation.

Through a combination of literature review, case studies, and practical experiments, this research systematically evaluates the three techniques based on parameters such as accuracy, resolution, speed, cost-effectiveness, and ease of implementation. By doing so, it aims to provide preservationists, historians, and practitioners with an informed perspective on selecting the most suitable tool for various conservation scenarios.

Furthermore, this study considers the integration potential of these technologies, acknowledging that a hybrid approach might yield the most comprehensive results. It also addresses challenges related to data interoperability, storage, and accessibility.

Ultimately, this research contributes to the ongoing discourse on the digital transformation of heritage documentation by offering a nuanced analysis of 3D scanning, photogrammetry, and GIS. The findings not only shed light on their individual capabilities but also underscore the significance of embracing technological advancements to ensure the longevity of our architectural heritage. As heritage sites continue to face threats from natural forces and human activities, this study advocates for the adoption of these digital tools as integral components of modern conservation strategies.

Article Details

Author Biography

Amit Chatterjee

Department of Architecture, Veer Surendra Sai University of Technology, Burla, Sambalpur, Odisha, India