Programs and Activities in a Rural Primary school in the Philippines: A Qualitative Inquiry on Parents’ Perspective

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Nina F. Alfafara, Marvin S. Canque, Cape Beverlyn G. Genobiagon


The study investigated parents’ perspectives in education, school programs, and activities in a state-run primary school in the Philippines. The study utilized the qualitative research design. The study participants are the fifteen parents of the pupils in the primary school in the rural area in Cebu, Philippines. They are purposively selected with data saturation as the basis in determining the number of participants. After collated data, transcribed it, and thematic analysis and coding were used to analyze the data gathered. Five themes that emerged in the study: Education is Essential, Parent support is crucial to the success of the pupil, Socio-economic obligation/responsibilities, Timeliness of school activities and programs, Opportunities, and direction for involvement. The finding suggests that the school needs to empower parents to become more active in the school and their children’s education. The study recommends that the school implement a culturally based program consisting of the reward system, the livelihood program, the responsible parenthood program, and the alternative learning system program.

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