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Due to hasty urbanization and the current rising invasion of immigrants from diplomatically fragile countries, many cities and towns face an imminent housing issue. In developing countries like India, housing issues, including economic, humanitarian, and environmental emergencies, are apparent. On these lines, the traditional construction model for individual houses has ultimately become insufficient for the affordable mass housing construction industry because of India's rapid rate of construction. Therefore, it is essential to have state-of-the-art technologies to construct mass housing faster and deliver decent quality and durability of the structure cost-effectively. The rise of ghettos might be measured as the side-effect during the development of urban areas in India. Urban areas are the locomotives of monetary growth, adding to the critical deviations in the overall public instigating financial turn of events and modernization. Since the population is expanding, and at the same time, the land is limited. Therefore, there is a need to expand the buildings vertically, i.e., making the structure tall. The present work aims to point out the various aspects of building methodologies for affordable housing by highlighting the various existing techniques. The work also aims to study the implementation of the techniques in green affordable housing and the various challenges faced in its implementation. Various techniques utilized in present-day construction are studied in details. It also highlights the advantages that shall be achieved by adopting those techniques. With the advent of technology, affordable housing is being seen to provide communities' need for shelter and social well-being. Thus, it is clear from the study that the current needs for affordable housing in India have spurred massive construction and development of residential areas. Also, the study reveals that societal and environmental sustainability in housing must improve domiciliary fulfilment by safeguarding the safety and well-being of its inhabitants, adjust to its immediate environment, be adequate, be maintained with the public facility to fit in the community through involvement, and, finally, accomplish household utility effectively and efficiently.
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