Features Of Argumentation In Social And Humanitarian Knowledge: A Comparative Analysis Of Western And Eastern Philosophers

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Olga I. Stepanova


  The Requirement Of Argumentation Of Knowledge Is Usually Called The Principle Of Sufficient Reason (Justification), First Formulated By The German Philosopher And Mathematician G.V. Leibniz. The Article Analyzed The Specific Features Of Rationale In The Social Sciences. The Views Of Both Western And Eastern Philosophers Compared, A Comparative Analysis Of Their Theories, The Ratio Of Value And Logical Categories, Methods Of Cognition In The Exact, Natural, And Humanitarian And Socio-Economic Sciences Carried Out. It Substantiated That Such Factors Influence The Argumentation In Social Cognition As Ideology, Political And Evaluative Attitudes, National Customs And Traditions. The Author Concluded That In Social Cognition, Methods Of Incomplete Induction And Traductive Inferences Used To A Greater Extent; Thus, The Hypothetical Argumentation Was At A Higher Level; The Humanitarian Ideal Of Scientific Character Varied From The Natural Scientific One.

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