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In the rapid changing business environment and the competition between organizations, employees’ performance is the most critical issues for overall organizational performance in Libyan commercial bank. Therefore, the study was aimed to examine the effect of human resource management practice and leadership style on employee performance, and the mediating role of organizational commitment. The research was conducted under positivism research philosophy, deductive approach, explanatory research design, and quantitative method of data collection. Thus, a survey questionnaire was developed for collecting samples of 415 from the target population 18526. A stratified simple random sampling technique was employed for the selection of samples. The collected data were analyzed through SPSS V23 and Smart-PLS 3.3.3. A total of seven hypotheses were proposed where five hypotheses were revealed accepted, however, two hypotheses were rejected. The findings will help the bank managers, customers, employees, and government for policymaking and improving the employee performance in the banking sector in Libya. The study focused on only commercial banks in Libya and the study was carried out based on the quantitative methodology. Therefore, further, studies can be done collecting data from all types of banks and the mixed-method study can employ to have more insight into the issues.
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