Behavior Study on Wearing Mask by Office Workers in Dki Jakarta During the Covid-19 Pandemic: An Analysis with the theory of Planned Behavior

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Yogi Fetriansyah, Peri Akbar Manaf


Covid-19 is a coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic initially detected in Wuhan, China, in December 2019 (Avula et al., 2020). However, Covid-19 has spread worldwide and is declared a world epidemic by the World Health Organization (WHO). Covid-19 has shown tremendous effects in developed countries, including the United States, Spain, Italy, France, and Germany. Globally, the number of Covid-19 cases is rising, leading numerous countries to take preventive steps in the face of the pandemic. Office areas are one of the places for the spread of Covid-19, especially for office workers with a high potential risk of Covid-19 infection.

The Theory of Planned Behavior is the employed research model, analyzing the workers wearing masks by office workers during the Covid-19 pandemic. The model was empirically evaluated by administering questionnaires data to sampling office workers in DKI Jakarta and its surroundings. Samples of 155 person office workers were collected using random sampling from blast digital format questionnaires via social media and chat applications. The TPB standard questionnaire is a data collection instrument with modifications based on the objectives of the study. This study examines the intention among office workers to use the mask that predicts worker's behavior using the Theory of planned behavior. The data obtained from the survey were analyzed using the Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM) methodology, a multivariate statistical tool. The data reveal that intention displays more than 48 percent for workers' mask-wearing behavior in the office during the Covid-19 Pandemic. Surprisingly, the Theory of planned behavior (TPB) constructs involving subjective norms do not significantly influence the worker's intention to use the mask. The study’s results deliver practical insights for workers and companies.

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