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Current concerns about the overall problem of industrialization are due to the massive confrontation between the two giants of the world's centers of power. This conflict is now taking place in the fields of economy and industry, and the lives of the vast majority of the world's population will be largely determined by the unquestionable choice between these two centers of power regarding economic development, or some alternative approaches to industrialization. The choice of the path to industrialization does not appear attractive to non-aligned nations. The Western alternative, namely industrialization arising from a reference that includes colonial exploitation, religious justification, and private enterprise, if not free enterprise, a rapid but not meteoric change over the past two centuries, which is a huge waste of time and resources. The Soviet alternative, the Chinese option, was able to guarantee maximum speed, using minimal outside sources: capital, equipment and personnel; and a guarantee of success for the very costly sacrifice, namely the loss of private and personal choices, initiatives, and freedoms.
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