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The term economic growth has always occupied a large part of the writings and discussions of economists around the world in different countries, whether developed or developing, for its great role in raising output and income and improving the standard of living and then the welfare of the general population, and with the return of international attention to issues of poverty and inequality in the distribution of income for the last two decades. From the twentieth century and the beginning of the third millennium, economic growth became famous for various names and terms that focus mostly on the possibility of economic growth for sustainability and impact on the lives of individuals. The term pro-poor growth was the term that received great attention from international bodies and institutions, especially the World Bank and United Nations development programs Since this term adds the social dimension to growth in addition to the economic dimension, it searches for that type of economic growth that works to make the fruits and benefits of economic growth in favor of the poor relatively more than the non-poor, while at the same time focusing on achieving appropriate rates of inequality in the distribution of income.
The current study is an attempt to measure and analyze the pro-poor growth in the Iraqi economy, in which the pro-poverty growth index was calculated in Iraq for the period (2005-2018) divided into three periods by using the (SON-KAKAWANI/2006) model, and the study concluded with a set of conclusions The recommendations were among the most important, that the economic growth achieved in Iraq was favorable to the poor throughout the study period, but to different degrees, and the main reason for this was the bad conditions that the economy suffered and their negative effects on the fluctuation of rentier oil revenues, the only resource for Iraq, while the study recommended the need to work on training the poor. And rehabilitating them in line with the needs of the market, especially the class of the unemployed with diplomas, with the aim of ensuring the participation of these poor people in the production process in order to avoid wasting and losing their potential effort due to their exposure to unemployment and the failure to find job opportunities that guarantee them a decent standard of living.
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