Employment Aspects of Regular and Temporary College teachers: Association with their Efforts, Treatment and Satisfaction in job

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Pooja Verma , Dr. PP Arya


Purpose – The axle of this study is to study relationship between job security/insecurity with that of job satisfaction, job commitment and job performance.

Design/methodology/approach – This study is an empirical study and deploys statistical tools like Regression, T-test, Mood’s Median Test and Correlation to draw conclusions. Primary data was collected through a structured questionnaire from 304 college teachers (157 – Permanent teachers, 147- Temporary Teachers) teaching in both government and private higher education Institutions in the Tri-city (Chandigarh, Mohali & Panchkula) of North India.

Findings – No significant differences were observed with respect to Workload, Initiative and Job performance among temporary and permanent teachers. It implies that temporary teachers do the same work like regular teachers do and Initiate best efforts in terms of performance in job despite being suffering from dissatisfaction in job owing to partial treatment received at the organisational level, which results in low job commitment level. However significant differences are observed in the treatment of teachers; temporary teachers get very less Recognition and lack in Development and Growth Opportunities. The best possible explanation for this could be personal reasons to continue with the job. Thus, the study concludes that though the temporary teachers have job insecurity but they work at par with that of regular teachers not out of any motivation but compulsion and without commitment.

Originality/value – The study is based on primary data and the scope of the study is college teachers working in Tri-city (Chandigarh, Mohali, Panchkula) of north India .This is a novel work as a comparison has been drawn between regular and temporary college teachers when it comes to study the effect of job security/insecurity over job commitment, job performance and job satisfaction. Education sector engages a very high percentage of teachers on temporary basis resulting in job insecurity amongst them. Thus it becomes imperative to study this significant proportion of teachers

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