Disaster Preparedness in Case of Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear and Explosive (CBRNE) events: A Review

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Nor Yazjehan Yahya, Abd Halim Md Ali, J Nor Ruwaidac, Khairunnisa MP, Pramila Tamunaidu


Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear and Explosive (CBRNE) threats are one of the main safety concerns and a global threat. Recent Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) for example has caused much concern for the public and killed more than 2 millions people worldwide and badly affected healthcare facilities, economy and communities. First responders usually the first on the scene play a vital role to mitigate the impact of these CBRNE treats with the minimum health cost to them. In order to maximize first responders potential with minimum health impact to them, it is important to have a good understanding of the demands of their work. Thus, this article provides a review of critical factors on preparedness of the first responder to CBRNE threats by highlighting important findings and areas of uncertainty.

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