Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme in Terms of Knowledge regarding Exclusive Breast Feeding among Antenatal Mothers in Selected Hospitals, Bareilly, U.P.: A Pre-Experimental Study

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Mrs. Prathiba Manoharam B, Dr.Prema Balusamy


Background: Breast milk is the perfect food made for baby. It is best for the infant as it is safe, clean, hygienic and readily available on demand whenever baby is hungry. Breast milk is the primary source of nutrition for new-borns. It contains all the essential nutrients and elements that the child needs for the few years of life. There are various benefits of breastfeeding for infant and mother.

Aims and Objectives: The aim of the study to evaluate the effectiveness of structured teaching programme in terms of knowledge regarding exclusive breast feeding among antenatal mothers. Methods: This was a pre-experimental one group pre-test post-test study among antenatal mothers, attending gynaecology/obstetrics out patient department (OPD) in Rohilkhand Medical College and Hospital, Bareilly (U.P.). Total 60 participants were selected by non-probability purposive sampling technique. A structured and pretested interviewer administrated questionnaire was used to collect data from study participants. The questionnaire includes sociodemographic characteristics and knowledge of study participants towards EBF. The data were analysed by using descriptive and inferential statistics.

Results:The result of the study revealed that the mean post-test knowledge score (13.72 ± 2.351) was greater than the mean pre-test knowledge score (8.43 ± 3.077) with the mean difference of 5.29, hence it shows that the effectiveness of structured teaching programme on knowledge regarding exclusive breast feeding among antenatal mothers.  Conclusion: Hence, there is a need to create awareness and knowledge about exclusive breast feeding among mothers during antenatal period.Structured teaching programme helps to enhance the knowledge of the antenatal mothers regarding exclusive breast feeding.

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