Prohibited Muamalah Of Al-Ghabn And Al-Najasy In The Perspective Of Islamic Economics

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Kamaruddin, Sri Sudiarti , Iskandar Muda


Islam is a religion obliging its ummah (people) to be honest and fair in doing transactions or business, Islam strictly forbids its people to do things that can harm others. Islam has set perfect rules for the people to be honest and fair in conducting trading and other activities related to transactions. Examples of deviant behavior in sale and purchase activities are Al-Ghabn (Deception) and Al-Najasy (False Demand). Ghabn is said to be haraam because it contains elements of deception and can harm the one party. It is narrated by Abdullah bin Umar ra. and Anas ra that a man stated to the Prophet SAW that he was deceived in a sale and purchase transaction, then the Prophet SAW said, "If you trade, then say," Laa Khilaabah "(there is no deception)."(HR Bukhari, Muslim, Ahmad, Ibn Hibbandari Ibn Umar and Abu Dawud, An-Nasa'I, At-Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, and Al-Hakim). A transaction can be classified as a Ghabn situation is when the given price has exceeded the reasonable limit and the customer does not know the market price of the goods. Najasy is a person who deliberately offers a higher purchase price while he does not intend to buy it, this is to make others feel that the item has high value and will buy it at a higher price. In the Shari'ah, there is no distortion of prices through false demand (Najasy) or false supply. Najasy is one of the tactics used by businessmen or marketers to sell the products through excessive advertising, promotion, or advertisement, so that people are impressed and interested in buying. Islam strictly forbids all forms of fraud/deception, both in the sale and purchase activities and in the other transactions. A Muslim is required to always be honest in all their affairs/dealing, because sincerity in religion has higher value than all worldly endeavors.

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