Effect of demographics on teachers' work engagement at secondary level in Punjab

Main Article Content

Dr. Nazma Bibi, Ahsaan Siddique, Dr. Musarrat Habib


The main purpose of this article is to study the demographic factors that affect teachers' work engagement. The present research was quantitative and descriptive. The population comprised of 61762 secondary school teachers (SSTs) of Punjab. During the academic year 2019-2020, the study sample included 514 secondary school teachers of Punjab selected through multi-stage random sampling technique. The Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES) developed by Schaufeli and Bakker (2004)  measured teachers' WE levels. The alpha value of UWES was 0.87. Descriptive (mean and standard deviation) and inferential (Pearson r, independent sample t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Post-hoc Tukey) were applied to analyze the data. Age, job type gender, marital status, , experience, and academic qualification were not statistically significant effects on teachers' work engagement, but the impact of age was statistically significant. It was concluded that teachers with different age ranges had a substantial impact on sub-variable vigor of work engagement.

Article Details