Main Article Content
Human rights are the cornerstones of any democracy or society based on the rule of law. Since warfare has changed so much in the twenty-first century, it's difficult to know whether International Humanitarian Law applies equally to states and non-state actors. Arab Spring ended long-standing authoritarian regimes, but it also created political and social unrest in North and West African countries, mainly due to the absence of strong governments that could maintain control over state territory and borders. Many women and girls continue to face violence and abuse from both state and non-state actors, including violence based on gender. This is especially true in the developing world. Domestic violence is a threat to women and children. Armed groups are recruiting them. They are abducting them. They are torturing them. They are killing them because of the use of indiscriminate weapons in residential areas, in crossfire, and from explosive remnants of war. These are just some of the threats that women and children face. Qualitative research and interviews with women and children in Libyan war and armed conflict protection centres using thematic and conceptual analysis of qualitative and qualitative research. Studies have shown that detainees, including children, have been subjected to a wide range of abuse, including beatings with plastic pipe and electrical cable on the soles of the feet, hours of hanging from doors or the roof from which they received electrical shocks, and up to seven weeks of solitary confinement. These practises may be considered torture in some cases. When questioned, detainees in western Libya's Tripoli and Misrata detention centres said they'd recently been subjected to torture or mistreatment there. All those who have been detained for more than a year without being charged or having their detention approved by a court must be released immediately, according to recommendations. Defendants currently on trial should be notified that their full due-process rights, including private and unrestricted contact with their attorneys, access to all documents in their case file, and the right to self-defense during the trial and pre-trial phase, will be granted. In the event that someone is being held in a pretrial detention facility, immediate public guidance should be issued on the length of time that person can be held without being brought in front of a judge or released.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.