Rehabilitation of survivors of sex trafficking victims in the vigilance home, Chennai- In-depth case study Analysis

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J. Damen Queen, Dr.A.Umesh Samuel


Trafficking is an organized crime that violates basic human rights. Trafficking in persons is the control of one human being by another for the purpose of exploitation. "Although only a small percentage of trafficking victims go for rehabilitative facilities, or "shelters," these facilities can play a significant role in a comprehensive effort to address human trafficking" (USAID, 2005). The term "rehabilitation" means the process of helping a person to readapt to society or to restore someone to a former position or rank. Rehabilitation of the trafficked victim is often challenging and complex. It differs for each victim. Causes are to be revealed and treatments are to be individualized, hence, the treatment process not all times can be generalist, for the resilience level differs from person to person. And this is the reason, why rehabilitation is also referred to as "treatment."This paper highlights the rehabilitation process of the victims in the vigilance home, Chennai. This paper also suggests the holistic method of rehab process of rehabilitation and its significance in building the resilience of the rescued trafficked victims. In this article, the overarching aim is to consider the theoretical perspective of the holistic rehab model for survivors of sex trafficking.  It further adds to how efficient the rehabilitation model can be in building the resilience and thereby smoothening the reintegration of victims back to their family and community. This article also explains the concept of environment modification as an essential component in the reintegration process.

Hence this paper highlights some of the measures which need to be taken to ensure effective rehabilitation and reintegration of victims. It also points out that, without building the resilience of the individual, the rehabilitation efforts will have a limited impact on the victim and it may highly affect the reintegration process.

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