Review on the Suitability of Waste for Appropriate Waste-to Energy Technology

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Dr. B. Guruprasad


The use of garbage as a feedstock for resource harvesting is becoming more common once adequately treated. A process known as Waste to Energy (WtE) is used to make solid, liquid, or gaseous fuels from garbage. This fuel may be used to generate electricity and heat energy. Thermal treatment (incineration, gasification, pyrolysis, refuse-derived fuels) and biological therapy are the two main WtE treatment options (anaerobic digestion, composting). Due to its high organic content, municipal solid waste (MSW) is an ideal feedstock for WtE technology for resource harvesting.MSW has a wide range of characteristics. Separated food waste, green waste and paper and plastic trash are examples of MSW that may be broken down into mixed and separated categories. Moisture content, caloric value, carbon-to-nitrogen (C/N) ratio, particle size, and pH vary across various types of trash. The WtE technology has many features that may be used as parameters. The best performance of many technologies depends on trash with a particular property as a feedstock. This study aims to look at the characteristics of several MSW waste categories and suggest a match between these wastes and the currently-available waste-to-energy technology.

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